Accession Number : AD0824028

Title :   AIRCRAFT FUEL CELL EXPLOSION SUPPRESSION SYSTEMS AND THEIR APPLICABILITY TO ARMY AIRCRAFT

Descriptive Note : Final rept. 1 Sep 1966-31 Mar 1967

Corporate Author : FALCON RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CO ENGLEWOOD CO

Personal Author(s) : Custard, George H ; Donahue, James D

PDF Url : AD0824028

Report Date : Jul 1967

Pagination or Media Count : 184

Abstract : The study covered by this report has focused attention upon the potential means of protecting the vapor spaces of Army aircraft fuel systems from the threat of fire and explosions caused by incendiary ammunition hits. As a means of implementing and quantifying passive defense data, the fuel containment of 16 models of Army aircraft has been studied and their capacity, location, shape, surface area, empty weight, and tank material determined. These data have been used in conjunction with the parameters of the potential vapor space protection techniques to provide estimates of the weight penalties and dollar costs associated with the passive defense measures applied to the aircraft of interest. Data relative to the fuel systems of the following aircraft are presented: UH-1B, UH-1D, U-1A, U-6A, U-8D, U-8F, OH-6, OH-13, 01-F, OV-1A, OV-1B, OV-1C, CH-34, CH-37, CH-47, and CH-54. The passive defense measures which have been reviewed and considered by the study include: inert gas purging, fire detection and suppression by chemical means, collapsible internal tank bladders, reticulated foam tank fillers, and the direct addition of halocarbons to fuel.

Descriptors :   *AMMUNITION DAMAGE, *ARMY AIRCRAFT, *FIRE SAFETY, *FUEL TANKS, AIRCRAFT FIRES, AVIATION FUELS, DETECTION, EXPLOSIONS, FIRE EXTINGUISHERS, FLAMMABILITY, FOAM, FUEL ADDITIVES, FUEL SYSTEMS, HELICOPTERS, IGNITION, INCENDIARY AMMUNITION, NITROGEN, OBSERVATION AIRCRAFT, PURGING, RARE GASES, UTILITY AIRCRAFT, VAPORS, VULNERABILITY

Subject Categories : Safety Engineering
      Explosions

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE