Accession Number : AD0835492
Title : BEHAVIOR OF SPHERICAL CONCRETE HULLS UNDER HYDROSTATIC LOADING. PART III. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THICKNESS-TO-DIAMETER RATIO AND CRITICAL PRESSURES, STRAINS, AND WATER PERMEATION RATES.
Descriptive Note : Technical rept. 1 Jul-1 Aug 67,
Corporate Author : NAVAL CIVIL ENGINEERING LAB PORT HUENEME CA
Personal Author(s) : Stachiw, J. D. ; Mack, K.
Report Date : JUN 1968
Pagination or Media Count : 72
Abstract : Sixteen hollow concrete spheres of 16-inch outside diameter were subjected to external hydrostatic pressure to investigate the relationship between the sphere's shell thickness and (1) its critical pressure, (2) permeability, and (3) strain magnitude. The shell thickness of the spheres varied from 1 inch to 4 inches in 1-inch steps. All spheres were cast from the same concrete mix, cured under identical temperature and moisture conditions, and tested in the same manner. The strength of concrete in the spheres at the time of testing, as established by uniaxial compression tests on 3 x 6-inch cylinders, was in the 9,000-to-11,000-psi range. The critical pressure of waterproofed hollow concrete spheres was found to be approximately a linear function of the sphere's thickness; the spheres imploded at pressures from 3,240 to 13,900 psi, depending on their thickness. Concrete spheres permeated by seawater failed at hydrostatic pressures 30% to 15% lower than identical waterproofed spheres. In all cases the stress in the spheres at the time of implosion was considerably higher than in concrete test cylinders prepared of the same mix and of the same curing history subjected to uniaxial compression. The resistance of concrete to permeation by seawater into the interior of non-waterproofed spheres at 2,000-psi hydrostatic pressure was found to be an exponential function of shell thickness. The rate of flow into the sphere's interior ranged from 6.1 to 0.197 ml/day/sq ft of exterior surface, depending on the thickness of shell. (Author)
Descriptors : *CONCRETE), (*SHELLS(STRUCTURAL FORMS), (*SHIP HULLS, LOADS(FORCES)), THICKNESS, PRESSURE, STRAIN(MECHANICS), PENETRATION, SEA WATER, HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE, OCEAN BOTTOM, MOISTUREPROOFING, COMPRESSIVE PROPERTIES, AGING(MATERIALS), SPHERES, MOISTURE, SURFACE PROPERTIES, STRESSES, TEST METHODS.
Subject Categories : Marine Engineering
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE