Accession Number : AD0837170

Title :   RESEARCH GOALS FOR IMPROVED BLOOD LOGISTICS,

Corporate Author : ARMY MEDICAL RESEARCH LAB FORT KNOX KY

Personal Author(s) : Shields, Charles E. ; Camp, Frank R., Jr. ; Seeger, George H.

Report Date : 1968

Pagination or Media Count : 12

Abstract : The need for blood for the battle casualty has created many problems. The natural perishability, the limited human source for blood, and the need for a safe therapeutic agent are the major areas. The changes in collection methods and solutions used for blood storage are being studied and the results of one particular chemical, adenine, were reported. Based on these results and other reports, the length of useful blood storage may be lengthened from 21 days to perhaps 42 days. As better collection and preservation methods evolve, these, in turn, require better shipping and transportation schemes. Some of these areas under active study are discussed. The crossmatching procedure can already be improved by existing civilian practice, and by using unclotted blood in the new collecting solution, the test still can be performed even over the longer storage periods. The increased shelf life will require better bank inventory procedures which may be aided by a better understanding of the usage probability. Transporting the blood requires safe and refrigerated containers and the use of a variety of forms of delivery. Newly designed containers and packing materials have been studied as a basis for these new requirements, and the movement can be expedited by a cargo coding system. Thus, each logistical phase must be improved to meet the overall goal of efficiently supplying the highest quality blood. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*BLOOD TRANSFUSION, MILITARY MEDICINE), PRESERVATION, COLLECTING METHODS, STORAGE, BLOOD, ADENINE, ERYTHROCYTES, ABO INCOMPATIBILITY, TEST METHODS, TRANSPORTATION, CONTAINERS, LOGISTICS, CASUALTIES.

Subject Categories : Medicine and Medical Research
      Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE