Accession Number : AD0843324

Title :   Spiro Polymer Synthesis and Characterization.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept. 1 Jun 66-30 Apr 68,

Corporate Author : STANFORD RESEARCH INST MENLO PARK CA

Personal Author(s) : Heller, Jorge ; Hodgkin, Johnathan H. ; Won, Richard

Report Date : 21 OCT 1968

Pagination or Media Count : 117

Abstract : Three routes to the synthesis of spiro polymers have been investigated. These are polycyclodimerization of diolefins, preparation of polydiketopiperazines, and condensation of aromatic dianhydrides and aliphatic spiro tetraamines. The polydiketopiperazine route failed because of steric hindrance. The polycyclodimerization route failed with compounds such as 1,3-dimethylenecyclobutane, and synthetic difficulties precluded an investigation of this route with fluorodiolefins. The method was successful with substituted bis-maleimides which could be photochemically dimerized to yield polymer structures linked through cyclobutane rings. The condensation of the spiro tetraamines 2,2-bis(aminomethyl)-1,3-diaminopropane or 1,4-bis(aminomethyl)-1,4-diaminocyclohexane with pyromellitic dianhydride or 1,4,5,8-naphthalenetetracarboxylic dianhydride was studied in detail and high molecular weight, soluble polymers were obtained using either spiro tetraamine with 1,4,5,8-naphthalenetetracarboxylic dianhydride, but not with pyromellitic dianhydride. The polymer from 1,4-bis(aminomethyl)-1,4-diaminocyclohexane and 1,4,5,8-naphthalenetetracarboxylic dianhydride was shown by light scattering to have a molecular weight of 60,000, and model compound studies have shown that the polymer was completely cyclized. (Author)

Descriptors :   *SYNTHESIS(CHEMISTRY)), (*SPIRO COMPOUNDS, POLYMERS), (*POLYMERS, POLYMERIZATION, CONDENSATION, FLUORINE COMPOUNDS, IMIDES, PHOTOCHEMICAL REACTIONS, CHEMICAL ANALYSIS, NITROGEN HETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS.

Subject Categories : Physical Chemistry
      Polymer Chemistry

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE