Accession Number : AD0847449

Title :   Characteristics of an Atmospheric Nuclear Explosion Over the Sea.

Corporate Author : FOREIGN TECHNOLOGY DIV WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH

Report Date : 08 MAY 1968

Pagination or Media Count : 10

Abstract : Discussed in the article are the mechanism inherent in a nuclear airburst above the surface of the sea, the various factors involved in a detonation of this type (fire ball propagation, water condensation cloud, underwater shock wave, air shock wave, the effect of heat and penetrating radiation), the possible effect of these and other factors on surface vessels in the detonation zone, and also certain of the more significant differences existing between nuclear explosions above land and above water. Recommendations are given for the proper tactical employment of above-water nuclear airbursts (faster fallout of water vapor at sea than of radioactive dust over land, with consequently less danger to friendly ships and coastal areas in the blast area, and clear, quiet, and warm weather to be preferred for maximum effect and for attainment of partial or complete blinding of ship personnel). Of all the factors discussed, the most dangerous to human beings are the penetration and heat radiation, along with the air shock wave. (Author)

Descriptors :   *NUCLEAR EXPLOSIONS, AIRBURST, OCEANS, SHOCK WAVES, PRESSURE, PROPAGATION, FALLOUT, DAMAGE, RADIATION EFFECTS, NUCLEAR RADIATION, NUCLEAR PARTICLES, NUCLEAR EXPLOSION DAMAGE, RADIATION HAZARDS, NAVAL PERSONNEL, SHIP HULLS, POLAND.

Subject Categories : Nuclear Weapons

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE