Accession Number : AD0859539

Title :   Behavioral Science and Research and Development Management,

Corporate Author : AIR FORCE ARMAMENT LAB EGLIN AFB FL

Personal Author(s) : Metz, William W.

Report Date : JUL 1969

Pagination or Media Count : 62

Abstract : Empirical research studies in the behavioral sciences are surveyed, and related to Research and Development (R and D) management of scientists and engineers. It has been hypothesized that the approaches and results of this research offer important insight to the R and D manager, and the payoffs possible by applying these principles to R and D management. It is pointed out that many authors believe comparatively little effort has gone into improving the management of technology. To harvest the full potential benefits of technology, both science and management are needed; they are not mutually exclusive. Behavioral science is the study of human behavior in a 'scientific manner.' A review of the R and D organization as a social system was reviewed, with special emphasis on structure and the characteristics of scientists and engineers, and their interests. Included in the presentation of empirical research results, concerning administration of R and D, were the following topics: frequency of contact with scientific colleagues; scientific versus institutional orientation; and scientific productivity; creative ability and technical performance; job enrichment and motivation; status advancement and self-actualization; autonomy, influence, and performance. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*BEHAVIOR, PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT), (*RESEARCH MANAGEMENT, PSYCHOLOGY), MANAGEMENT PLANNING AND CONTROL, SCIENTISTS, ENGINEERS, PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), ORGANIZATIONS.

Subject Categories : Administration and Management
      Psychology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE