Accession Number : AD0860689

Title :   Exploratory Study of the Nature of Helicopter Rotor Blade Boundary Layers

Descriptive Note : Final rept.

Corporate Author : OHIO STATE UNIV RESEARCH FOUNDATION COLUMBUS

Personal Author(s) : Velkoff, H R ; Blaser, D A ; Shumaker, G C ; Jones, K M

PDF Url : AD0860689

Report Date : Jul 1969

Pagination or Media Count : 104

Abstract : An experimental study was conducted using flow visualization techniques to investigate the nature of the boundary layer on a helicopter rotor. Hovering and forward flight data were obtained; however, efforts were concentrated on hovering unanticipated boundary layer behavior was revealed. The primary flow visualization technique involved the use of ammonia injected into the boundary layer at the leading edge. The blade surface was chemically coated, and as the ammonia moved with the local airflow, it formed a trace on the surface indicative of the boundary layer flow. The hovering traces initially moved chordwise along the surface and then continued aft along the blade in a somewhat diffuse pattern. Similar traces were found over wide ranges of pitch angles and rotor speeds. It is hypothesized that a standing laminar separation bubble exists on the blade surface aft of the peak pressure position. No indication of any separation bubbles could be found on the forward flight traces. An exploratory study of the possible uses of ordinary claw-type pressure probes was undertaken to determine whether such probes could provide an indication of the flow in the boundary layer of a model rotor.

Descriptors :   *BOUNDARY LAYER, *FLOW VISUALIZATION, *HELICOPTER ROTORS, *ROTOR BLADES(ROTARY WINGS), AMMONIA, BUBBLES, FLOW SEPARATION, HOVERING, LEADING EDGES, PRESSURE GAGES

Subject Categories : Helicopters
      Fluid Mechanics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE