Accession Number : AD0867061

Title :   Corrosion Cracking of Metallic Materials.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept. 15 Dec 68-31 Dec 69,

Corporate Author : OHIO STATE UNIV COLUMBUS DEPT OF METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING

Personal Author(s) : Fontana, Mars G.

Report Date : JAN 1970

Pagination or Media Count : 210

Abstract : Stress corrosion behavior of titanium alloys and high strength steels was studied. In titanium alloys the initiation and propagation of cracks in aqueous and methanolic environments is being studied as a function of alloy composition, electrochemical control, and applied stress. Corrosion processes within crevices are being studied. Straining electrode studies are also reported. Crack initiation in Ti-6Al-4V specimens was observed at alpha-beta interfaces and in beta grains. Studies of crack velocity show it to depend on applied stress but not on potential. Crevice studies show corrosion to be accelerated when the IR drop is large. In high strength steels the processes of transient passivity, dissolution of carbides, crack propagation and hydrogen permeation are being studied. The kinetics of transient passivity on iron alloy surfaces shows good agreement with classic models for growth of thin films. Dissolution of iron carbides is shown to depend on pH, potential and anion. The action of cathodic poisons such as arsenic is shown to depend on co-deposition of the poison species. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*TITANIUM ALLOYS, STRESS CORROSION), (*STEEL, STRESS CORROSION), (*STRESS CORROSION, CRACK PROPAGATION), CORROSION, ALUMINUM ALLOYS, MOLYBDENUM ALLOYS, VANADIUM ALLOYS, CRACKS, HYDROGEN EMBRITTLEMENT, CARBINOLS, SEA WATER, REACTION KINETICS, CARBIDES.

Subject Categories : Properties of Metals and Alloys

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE