Accession Number : AD0911115

Title :   Guam 'Cornerstone' of US Strength in The Pacific.

Descriptive Note : Research rept.,

Corporate Author : ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA

Personal Author(s) : O'Loughlin, Earl T.

Report Date : 29 MAR 1973

Pagination or Media Count : 54

Abstract : The Nixon Doctrine in establishing a lower profile in the international arena has led to a strategy of realistic deterrence. This strategy has resulted in reversion of Okinawa to Japan, withdrawal from South Vietnam, lowered troop levels in the Philippines, Japan, Korea, and Taiwan with further withdrawals likely to occur. To protect national interests and maintain a strong presence in the Pacific, U.S. planners want to develop bases on American owned soil from which it can operate without political constraint. Guam and the Marianas are considered prime areas for providing suitable base locations. This report examines whether Guam and the Mariana Islands will be capable of meeting US needs in the Pacific and considers alternatives/shortfalls. Research examined past administration of the TTPI, data concerning the strategic importance of Pacific Island bases, personal observations, and current literature. The report concludes the TTPI has been poorly handled by the US Department of Interior and, after 26 years of administration, control of the trusteeship must be given priority to allow for direct decisionmaking. It recommends: immediate removal of TTPI administration authority from the Department of Interior to the Executive Office; immediate negotiations with the TTPI districts favoring permanent alliance with the US; and active base construction to meet military requirements. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*PACIFIC OCEAN ISLANDS, MILITARY STRATEGY), POLITICAL SCIENCE, FOREIGN POLICY, HISTORY, DETERRENCE, TREATIES, UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT, GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN), THREAT EVALUATION, MILITARY FACILITIES, DEFENSE SYSTEMS.

Subject Categories : Humanities and History

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE