Accession Number : AD0921461

Title :   Environmental Effects of Cluster Marker Munition Residue.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. Mar 72-Mar 73,

Corporate Author : AIR FORCE ARMAMENT LAB EGLIN AFB FL

Personal Author(s) : Birdsey, Vanessa J. ; Wyman, Gary G. ; Harrison, Don D.

Report Date : JUL 1974

Pagination or Media Count : 26

Abstract : A marker system is being developed for use in conjunction with cluster munitions. Development tests will include burning of the marker in several types of terrain. Since an ecological impact on the test sites and the surrounding area was considered possible, bioassays were performed to determine the gross effects of the marker residue on selected plants, fish, microorganisms, and mammals. The results of the bioassays indicate no gross toxicological effects on these plants, fish, or mammals. A transient bacteriocidal effect, with subsequent inhibition of growth, was noted with soil microorganisms, but the cultures recovered in a few hours. The cluster marker residue, therefore, does not seem to pose an environmental problem. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*MARKERS, TOXIC HAZARDS), POLLUTION, CLUSTER WEAPONS, TERRAIN, COMBUSTION PRODUCTS, BIOASSAY, SOILS, RESIDUES, POLLUTANTS, PLANTS(BOTANY), FISHES, WATER POLLUTION, MICROORGANISMS, MAMMALS, ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING, ZINC COMPOUNDS, TEST METHODS, SEEDS, ENVIRONMENTS, BOMB CLUSTERS, CHEMICAL ANALYSIS, PYROTECHNICS.

Subject Categories : Pyrotechnics
      Aerial Bombs

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE