Accession Number : ADA017187

Title :   Detection and Identification of Objects Embedded in Cluttered Fields: A Reconnaissance Problem.

Descriptive Note : Master's thesis,

Corporate Author : AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OHIO SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING

Personal Author(s) : Gagnon,Roger A.

Report Date : MAY 1975

Pagination or Media Count : 124

Abstract : The Air Force is concerned with the complex problems of identifying objects of interest in aerial photographs. This work is an expansion of a mathematical model of the human visual system into the realm of cluttered fields. The study considers reported modulation transfer functions (MTF) and demonstrates that the dissimilar curves can be explained by a task-related MTF. A series of aerial reconnaissance photographs are used as input to a computer-controlled flying-spot scanner. The photographs were scanned with a coarse 32 x 32 grid. The algorithm then determined those regions which contained prospective objects of interest by use of adaptive thresholds. The algorithm located 88% of the targets. A clustering algorithm was developed for the purpose of defining useful prototypes. The prototypes eliminated more than 75% of the false alarms, with no additional loss of targets, or 89% with a recognition of 82% of the detected targets. In spite of the false alarms, the process only requires 2 to 8% of the picture elements required for a television system transmission of each photo in a television frame. The 8% is for transmission of all targets and false alarms including redundant targets and false alarms obtained by the detection algorithm at several threshold levels.

Descriptors :   *Aerial photographs, *Photointerpretation, Pattern recognition, Transfer functions, Mathematical models, Visual perception, Sorting, Target recognition, Flying spot scanners, Algorithms

Subject Categories : Cartography and Aerial Photography
      Military Intelligence

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE