Accession Number : ADA017443

Title :   A Review of Violent Monomer Polymerization: A Selected Literature Survey.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,


Personal Author(s) : Harmon,M. ; King,J.

Report Date : OCT 1974

Pagination or Media Count : 142

Abstract : In recent years, there have been a number of serious explosions involving violent monomer polymerizations. As a first step in the study of the causes and mechanisms of these violent polymerizations, a 20 years literature search was performed for twelve monomers. The monomers included in the search were: acrylic acid, acrylonitrile, butadiene, 1, 3, ethylene, ethylene oxide, methyl acrylate, methyl-methacrylate, B-propiolactone, styrene, vinyl acetate vinyl chloride, vinylidene chloride. This document presents the results of the literature search, annotation and data extraction work. To maximize the utility of the findings from this effort, they are organized into the four sections that follow this introduction. Section II provides basic descriptive data on each monomer, their properties, consumption and a discussion of handling hazards. Section III is a matrix presenting the properties of the monomers. These two sections will serve as inputs for the assessments by violent polymerization risk. Section IV is the annotated bibliography organized by key work for each monomer. For the risk-assessment work ahead, this bibliography will lead the user to the literature he needs. Section V is a standard listing citing all the references found in the literature search.

Descriptors :   *Polymerization, *Monomers, *Plastics, Experimental data, Inhibitors, Toxicity, Volatility, Flammability, Temperature, Assessment, Standards, Bibliographies, Acrylic acid, Acrylonitrile polymers, Butadienes, Ethylene, Ethylene oxide, Propiolactones, Styrenes, Vinyl plastics, Explosions, Safety

Subject Categories : Polymer Chemistry

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE