Accession Number : ADA017445

Title :   Radioprotective Agents - Stereochemical Studies.

Descriptive Note : Final comprehensive rept. 1 Dec 71-30 Nov 74,


Personal Author(s) : Witiak,Donald T.

Report Date : DEC 1974

Pagination or Media Count : 43

Abstract : For purposes of studying stereostructure-activity relationships at the molecular, cellular and animal levels and probing the mechanism of 2-mercaptoethylamine (MEA) radioprotection, we synthesized several conformationally constrained cyclobutyl analogs. The comparative radioprotective properties for MEA, cis- and trans-2-mercaptocyclobutylamine (2), cis- and trans-2-mercaptocyclobutylmethylamine(3), and trans-2-mercaptomethylcyclobutylamine(4) are discussed in terms of their ability to chemically reduce transient free radicals, the formation of single strand breaks in DNA, and protect Chinese hamster cells (in vitro) and mice against the lethal effects of ionizing radiation. The results are interpreted in light of current proposed mechanisms of action for MEA. No correlation exists between ability of these analogs to enhance mice survival times and their ability to protect against the induction of DNA single strand breaks and the inactivation of proliferative capacity of hamster cells growing in vitro. Analysis of two isomers (cis- and trans-3) on the repair of single strand breaks showed both isomers only marginally influenced the rate and did not influence the extent of single strand break rejoining. The results are consistent with a mode of action involving chemical repair of transient radicals and protection against DNA and critical enzymatic sites.

Descriptors :   *Stereochemistry, *Radioprotective agents, *Amines, Free radicals, Ionizing radiation, Deoxyribonucleic acids, Irradiation, Hamsters, Isomers, Thiols, Synthesis(Chemistry), Dose rate, Cyclobutanes

Subject Categories : Radiobiology
      Organic Chemistry

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE