Accession Number : ADA017679

Title :   Aircraft Ground Fire Suppression and Rescue Simulation Model.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. Jan 72-Nov 74,


Personal Author(s) : MacArthur,Charles D. ; Reeves,Jerry B.

Report Date : SEP 1975

Pagination or Media Count : 176

Abstract : This report presents the results of a work effort directed to the development of a mathematical model which simulates the time history of an aircraft crash fire from the time at which the crash occurs to the time of fire extinguishment. The model is comprised of a set of equations and computer programming logic which simulates fire development and suppression and which monitors conditions in and around the aircraft while a fire or fires exist. The principle results of the simulation are the survivability of personnel on board the aircraft, the damage done to the aircraft by the fire, the time required to control and extinguish the fire, and the amount of agent used in the fire suppression. The survivability of the personnel is determined by monitoring the temperature and toxic gas concentrations inside the aircraft, the availability of exits, and the presence of escape paths from the aircraft. The damage to the aircraft is determined by monitoring the skin temperature at several points on the aircraft, the pressure build-up in fuel tanks, and the presence of explosives within fires. The amount of agent and time required for fire suppression are determined by simulating the fire suppression activity. This computer model is to be used as a tool for solving a wide variety of aircraft ground fire suppression and rescue (AGFSR) problems. (Author)

Descriptors :   *Aircraft ground fires, *Computerized simulation, *Aviation accidents, *Mathematical models, *Operations research, *Fire suppression, Fire fighting, Systems analysis, Landing fields, Aircraft landings, Aviation safety, Collision avoidance, Crash landing, Fire extinguishing agents, Rescues, Rescue equipment, Monitors, Survival(Personnel), Firefighting vehicles, Damage, Survival equipment, Damage assessment

Subject Categories : Operations Research

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE