Accession Number : ADA019340

Title :   Women in Science and Technology: U.S./USSR Comparisons,

Corporate Author : RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CALIF

Personal Author(s) : Schilling,Gerhard F. ; Hunt,M. Kathleen

Report Date : JUN 1974

Pagination or Media Count : 70

Abstract : This report considers the results of an exploratory net assessment of the relative role and degree of utilization of women in science and technology in the Soviet Union and in the United States. Substantial differences are shown and trend analyses are developed to assess the future importance of U.S./USSR disparities. In terms of women representing a national resource in science and technology, the significance of these disparities is assessed -- significance not to men and women individually or as groups, but in the context of science and technology contributions to the future welfare and security of both nations. At present, the Soviet economy depends on and requires the participation of women in all branches of the labor force. In the United States, in contrast, the participation of a woman in the labor force is primarily a matter of individual choice or of personal economic necessity. But in the not too distant future, the great necessity for participation of women will decline in many sectors of the Soviet economy, whereas societal changes in the United States will bring about considerable increases in the participation rates of women in professional life.

Descriptors :   *Scientific manpower, *Females, *Scientists, *Manpower utilization, United States, USSR, Comparison, Technology, Employment, Demography, Sociology

Subject Categories : Personnel Management and Labor Relations

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE