Accession Number : ADA022287

Title :   Future Space Exploration: An Equal Opportunity Employer

Corporate Author : RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CA

Personal Author(s) : Callanen, Glenda G.

PDF Url : ADA022287

Report Date : AUG 1975

Pagination or Media Count : 12

Abstract : Assuming they possess the same educational and intellectual qualifications, the female astronaut has certain physiological advantages over the male. Women are generally lighter in weight and require less oxygen and metabolic nourishment, important considerations when every pound of added capsule weight is a detriment to cost and capability factors of manned spacecraft. Examination has shown that women react more quickly to stimuli, tolerate boredom and monotony better, and are less prone to hallucinations during periods of sensory deprivation. They are less susceptible to heart attacks and have a higher tolerance for radiation. Under the theory that astronauts should be chosen for small mass and dependability, females would seem to be ideal subject. The report discusses fatigue, endurance and response; reactions to altitude conditions; hormonal functions; and psychosocial obstacles.

Descriptors :   *STRESS(PHYSIOLOGY), *FEMALES, *ASTRONAUTS, HORMONES, PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS, RESPONSE(BIOLOGY), SPACE FLIGHT, ALTITUDE, PSYCHOLOGY, SOCIOLOGY, TOLERANCES(PHYSIOLOGY), AEROSPACE MEDICINE, FATIGUE(PHYSIOLOGY), ENDURANCE(PHYSIOLOGY).

Subject Categories : Personnel Management and Labor Relations
      Stress Physiology
      Astronautics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE