Accession Number : ADA112251

Title :   Catecholamine Enhancement and Visual Cortex Plasticity in Developing Kittens.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,

Corporate Author : BROWN UNIV PROVIDENCE RI CENTER FOR NEURAL SCIENCE

Personal Author(s) : Ellis,Mary K ; Daniels,J D

PDF Url : ADA112251

Report Date : Mar 1982

Pagination or Media Count : 33

Abstract : We attempted a test of the hypothesis that the naturally occurring catecholamines are necessary to support experience-related changes in cortical neurons. Four kittens were reared in absolute darkness for 9-16 weeks and subsequently given varying periods (3 hours to 3 weeks) of monocular experience through the left eye. In three kittens, (K84, K85, K92) osmotic minipumps maintained local perfusion of norepinephrine (NE) into the left hemisphere area 17 while a control solution perfused the corresponding region of the right hemisphere. A fourth kitten underwent 6-hydroxydopamine induced catecholamine depletion followed by NE replacement in one hemisphere. It was given monocular experience during replacement therapy. We used standard single unit recording techniques to sample from primary visual cortex neurons. Results of liquid chromatography analysis for NE in samples of brain tissue were inconclusive because of small sample sizes. In general, our results indicate that ocular dominance and selectivity of individual neurons was not significantly affected by enhanced levels of NE. However, selectivity did show a dependence on depletion of NE in one kitten. (Author)

Descriptors :   *Catecholamines, *Visual cortex, Nerve cells, Physiological effects, Bioassay, Stimulation(Physiology), Cats

Subject Categories : Anatomy and Physiology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE