Accession Number : ADA112302

Title :   Collateral Damage,

Corporate Author : ARMY NUCLEAR AND CHEMICAL AGENCY SPRINGFIELD VA

Personal Author(s) : Thornhill,Frank W , Jr

PDF Url : ADA112302

Report Date : Apr 1978

Pagination or Media Count : 15

Abstract : Collateral damage is undesirable civilian materiel damage or personnel injuries produced by the effects of friendly nuclear weapons. For a nation on whose soil a nuclear weapon is detonated, any damage, other than damage to enemy military resources, may well be viewed as collateral damage. A key element in the ability of the United States and its allies to execute a policy of flexible response is the manner in which we handle the consideration of collateral damage. Once hostilities begin, collateral damage considerations will have a broad ranging impact. Besides the humanitarian aspects, the reduction of collateral damage could assist in lowering the risk of escalation by signaling limitations on our use of tactical nuclear weapons. The current doctrine and procedures for incorporating the collateral damage considerations in the employment of nuclear weapons on the battlefield enhance the credibility of our national policy of flexible response. The new FM 101-31 series of manuals further amplifies the vast importance of properly considering collateral damage in target analysis and provides commanders and staffs the tools to do so.

Descriptors :   *Nuclear weapon debris, *Weapons effects, *Damage assessment, *Civilian personnel, Military applications, Nuclear weapons, Enemy, Nations, Limitations, Signals, Policies, Broadband, Environmental impact statements, Army research

Subject Categories : Personnel Management and Labor Relations
      Weapons Effects(biological)

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE