Accession Number : ADA112472

Title :   Time-Dependent Morphologies and Viscoelastic Properties of Block Copolymers.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept. 1 May 81-15 Mar 82,

Corporate Author : CALIFORNIA UNIV BERKELEY DEPT OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

Personal Author(s) : Kelterborn,Jeffrey C ; Soong,David S

PDF Url : ADA112472

Report Date : 15 Mar 1982

Pagination or Media Count : 91

Abstract : Dynamic mechanical properties of block copolymers over a wide temperature range have been previously correlated with the phase-separated microstructure of these systems. In the present work the morphology of the block copolymer is altered by large tensile deformation at various temperatures. Upon removal of the applied stress the morphological features of such stretched-and-released systems become functions of time, as the non-equilibrium microstructure reverts to a thermodynamically stable state. This reformation process is monitored by dynamic mechanical measurements with a modified torsion pendulum capable of applying both tensile and torsional deformation. Experimental results are analyzed using a modified Nielsen model to obtain information on the time-dependent structural state of the samples. These results are then compared with stress-strain curves to provide further insight into the structure breakdown-reformation mechanisms. Two competing mechanisms, domain fracture and block pull out, are proposed to explain these experimental observations. (Author)

Descriptors :   *Block copolymers, *Mechanical properties, *Viscoelasticity, *Time dependence, Nonequilibrium flow, Morphology, Stresses, Microstructure, Torsion, Tensile properties, Dynamics, Stability, Deformation, Molecular structure, Stress strain relations

Subject Categories : Plastics
      Mechanics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE