Accession Number : ADA112505

Title :   The Persian Gulf and the National Interest.

Descriptive Note : Professional Paper,


Personal Author(s) : Wilson,Desmond P

PDF Url : ADA112505

Report Date : Feb 1982

Pagination or Media Count : 19

Abstract : With gasoline lines a fading memory, it is easy for Americans to misinterpret the energy crisis as overinflated, and even easier to underestimate the importance of the Persian Gulf. Yet, it was just two years ago that former President Carter designated the Persian Gulf as a region of vital national interest. His purpose, in what came to be known as the Carter Doctrine, was to help ensure the steady flow of petroleum to the world market. President Reagan has subsequently confirmed that policy by increasing the U.S. military presence in the Inidan Ocean, strengthening the Rapid Deployment Force (RDF), and selling AWACS and other advanced military equipment to Saudi Arabia. What seemed to be a sensible policy direction with the turmoil in Iran, skyrocketing oil prices, and the Soviet intervention in Afghanistan, has come under increasing criticism in the light of today's plentiful supplies of oil. A growing chorus of optimists argues that reliance on the unfettered market will give us a future of abundant energy and freedom from dependence on oil imports.

Descriptors :   *International relations, *Persian Gulf, Oils, Balance of power, Military forces(United States), Military forces(Foreign), Rapid deployment, Middle East, Petroleum products, Intervention, Strategic areas, Military equipment, Military aircraft, Area security, National energy crisis, International politics, National security, Western security(International)

Subject Categories : Government and Political Science

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE