Accession Number : ADA113564

Title :   Stress, Anxiety, and Cognitive Interference: Reactions to Tests.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,

Corporate Author : WASHINGTON UNIV SEATTLE DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY

Personal Author(s) : Sarason,Irwin G

PDF Url : ADA113564

Report Date : 01 Apr 1982

Pagination or Media Count : 56

Abstract : Test anxiety, its nature and relationships to performance and cognitive interference, are analyzed from the standpoint of attentional processes. A new instrument to assess dimensions of reactions to tests is presented, and its psychometric properties are described. The scales of the Reactions to Tests questionnaire (Worry, Tension, Test-irrelevant Thinking, Bodily Symptoms) were compared with regard to intellective performance and cognitive interference. The results were consistent with the idea that the problem of anxiety is, to a significant extent, a problem of intrusive thoughts that interfere with task-focused thinking. In the last of the three studies reported, it was shown that self-preoccupying intrusive thinking can be reduced by means of a task-focusing experimental condition. The studies suggest that the Reactions to Tests questionnaire may be useful in defining anxiety more sharply and improving understanding of how it relates to performance. (Author)

Descriptors :   *Stress(Physiology), *Anxiety, *Perception(Psychology), Performance tests, Psychological tests, Questionnaires

Subject Categories : Psychology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE