Accession Number : ADA113612
Title : The Schladitz Fuel Injector: An Initial Performance Evaluation without Burning.
Descriptive Note : Final rept. 1 Sep 77-28 Feb 79,
Corporate Author : VIRGINIA UNIV CHARLOTTESVILLE DEPT OF MECHANICAL AND AEROSPACE ENGINEERING
Personal Author(s) : Matthews,G B ; Scott,J E ; Harvey,K A , Jr ; Colt,J Z , Jr
PDF Url : ADA113612
Report Date : Mar 1982
Pagination or Media Count : 96
Abstract : Past tests of the Schladitz Fuel Injector (SFI), a network of electrically-heated, extremely-thin metal whiskers, have shown that very fine fuel droplet sprays are formed leading to substantial improvements in combustion efficiency. Evaluation of this performance potential, however, requires thorough investigation of the flow rate/pressure drop/heating rate influences on spray quality and droplet size distribution. Such tests were performed on two SFI geometries with steady flows of Jet-A fuel. When these flows were discharged directly to the atmosphere, pressure drop reached a minimum at heating rates of 280 J/cc. At this point, spray quality improved noticeably, showing substantial fog or mist production, which became complete mist as the heating rate approached three-fourths the Jet-A enthalpy of vaporization. Similar tests of SFI flows exhausting through conventional spray nozzles showed appreciable improvement in spray quality, producing 50% or more mist at heating rates about one-third less than those required in the absence of nozzles. This improvement was essentially independent of the type nozzle employed, and all nozzle pressure drops were much less than those of the SFI. Droplet size investigations included examination of spray samples on soot-coated slides and observations of laser light absorption.
Descriptors : *Fuel injectors, *Fuel injection, *Jet engine fuels, Jet engines, Combustion, Efficiency, Spray nozzles, Whiskers(Crystals), Atomization, Mist, Heating, Pressure, Flow rate, Particles, Sizes(Dimensions), Measurement
Subject Categories : Combustion and Ignition
Jet and Gas Turbine Engines
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE