Accession Number : ADA114025
Title : Species Differences in the Disposition and Metabolism of 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene as a Function of Route of Administration.
Descriptive Note : Final rept. 29 Jun 76-30 Nov 78,
Corporate Author : MIDWEST RESEARCH INST KANSAS CITY MO
Personal Author(s) : El-hawari,A Monaem ; Hodgson,John R ; Winston,J Mark ; Sawyer,Mary D ; Hainje,Maxine
PDF Url : ADA114025
Report Date : Jun 1981
Pagination or Media Count : 469
Abstract : The disposition and metabolism of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) was studied in rats, mice, rabbits, and dogs following oral, dermal or intratracheal administration of single doses of 14C-ring labeled compound. The objective was to determine possible species and sex differences as a function of route of administration as a rationale for the design of chronic studies. TNT was absorbed in all species by all routes of administration with the most extensive absorption occurring after intratracheal instillation. Dermal absorption was the highest in rabbits followed by mice, rats, and dogs. Species differences in the rate of oral absorption could not be accurately assessed. Excretion was primarily in urine and to a lesser extent in feces. Extensive biliary excretion was also noted. Blood and tissue levels in females were generally higher than in males. TNT was extensively metabolized in all species; radioactivity excreted in urine primarily as the glucuronide conjugates. Most metabolites were reduction products inclding the 2- and 4-hydroxylamine and 2- and 4-monoaminodinitro and 2,6- and 4,6-diaminomononitro derivatives. Trace quantities of TNT, trinitrobenzyl alcohol and trinitrobenzoic acid were detected occasionally.
Descriptors : *TNT, *Toxicity, Metabolism, Metabolites, Biological absorption, Humans, Laboratory animals, Oral dosage, Labeled substances, Excretion, Aerosols, Tissues(Biology), Tables(Data)
Subject Categories : Toxicology
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE