Accession Number : ADA114070

Title :   Maximum Likelihood Spectral Estimation and Its Application to Narrowband Speech Coding.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,

Corporate Author : MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH LEXINGTON LINCOLN LAB

Personal Author(s) : McAulay,Robert J

PDF Url : ADA114070

Report Date : 05 Mar 1982

Pagination or Media Count : 36

Abstract : Using the maximum likelihood (ML) method the Itakura-Saito 1 spectral matching criterion is generalized to aperiodic and periodic processes having arbitrary model spectra. For the all-pole model, Kay's 2 covariance domain solution to the exact ML problem is cast into the spectral domain and used to obtain the exact solution for periodic processes. It is shown that if the number of independent power measurements greatly exceeds the model order, then the ML algorithm reduces to a pitch-directed, frequency domain version of Linear Predictive (LP) spectral analysis. Using a real-time vocoder based on the exact ML analysis revealed that, in contrast to standard LPC, the synthetic speech has the quality of being heavily smoothed. This suggests that it is generally incorrect to interpret LPC spectral matching in terms of the Itakura-Saito criterion. (Author)

Descriptors :   *Vocoders, *Maximum likelihood estimation, *Narrowband, *Spectrum analysis, Covariance, Solutions(General), Linearity, Predictions, Algorithms, Reduction, Real time, Parameters, Estimates

Subject Categories : Test Facilities, Equipment and Methods
      Radiofrequency Wave Propagation
      Non-radio Communications

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE