Accession Number : ADA114620

Title :   Experimental Determination of Stresses in Damaged Composites Using an Electric Analogue.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept. 1981-1982,

Corporate Author : CALIFORNIA UNIV LOS ANGELES SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING AND APPLIED SCIENCE

Personal Author(s) : Batdorf,S B

PDF Url : ADA114620

Report Date : May 1982

Pagination or Media Count : 18

Abstract : Inadequate knowledge of the local stress distributions in damaged composites has been a major obstacle to progress in the understanding of damage accumulation and ultimate failure of such materials. Theoretical treatments of 3-dimensional uniaxially reinforced composites are difficult, and direct experimental observations of stresses around interior flaws are not feasible. An experimental determination of stress distributions can be made using an electric analogue. A scaled model of the composite including the damage is made with the fibers replaced by conducting rods and the matrix replaced by an electrolyte. The resistivity ratio of rods to electrolyte is taken equal to the elastic modulus ratio of matrix to fiber. A tensile force applied in the fiber direction is modelled by applying a potential gradient in the rod direction. The displacement distribution in the composite is them modelled by the potential distribution in the analogue to an accuracy somewhat better than that given by shear lag theory. Thus stress distributions can be found by measuring potentials in the analogue with the aid of an electric probe. (Author)

Descriptors :   *Determinants(Mathematics), *Factor analysis, *Composite materials, *Stresses, *Damage assessment, Electrolytes, Strength(Mechanics), Stiffness, Probes, Defects(Materials), Modulus of elasticity, Analogies, Fiber reinforced composites, Glass, Carbon, Polyamide plastics, Matrix materials

Subject Categories : Laminates and Composite Materials
      Statistics and Probability
      Mechanics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE