Accession Number : ADA114872

Title :   The Interfacial Structure of a Mixture of Charged Hard Spheres and Dipolar Hard Spheres near a Charged Wall,

Corporate Author : PUERTO RICO UNIV RIO PIEDRAS DEPT OF PHYSICS

Personal Author(s) : Henderson, D ; Blum, L

PDF Url : ADA114872

Report Date : 20 May 1982

Pagination or Media Count : 34

Abstract : In the past few years, there has been a renewed interest in the structure of an electrolyte at an electrode interface (the so-called electric double layer). If only the ions are taken onto account explicitly, with the solvent represented by a uniform dielectric medium of constant dielectric constant epsilon, the potential difference across the double layer is much smaller than is observed experimentally. This remains true even if the Poisson-Boltzmann theory of Gouy and Chapman (GC) is replaced by more refined theories, such as the hypernetted chain approzimation. Presumably, this error is due to the simplified treatment of the solvent. If it is assumed that the dielectric constant epsilon in the so-called inner region between the hard, flat, charged wall (the electrode) and a plane passing through the centers of the charged hard spheres in contact with the wall is different from the bulk value epsilon, the potential drop across the interface is where sigma is the diameter of the charged hard spheres sigma/2 is then the distance of closest approach to the wall), -E/4pi, is the charge density on the wall, and phi is the potential difference between the plane of sigma/2 and infinity.

Descriptors :   *ELECTRODES, *ELECTROLYTES, *INTERFACES, *LAYERS, IONS, WALLS, CHARGE DENSITY, DIPOLES, HARDENING, SPHERES, STRUCTURES, DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES, CONSTANTS

Subject Categories : Physical Chemistry
      Electrical and Electronic Equipment

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE