Accession Number : ADA114907

Title :   Cross-Situational Specificity in Managers' Perceptions of Subordinate Performance, Attributions, and Leader Behaviors.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,

Corporate Author : GEORGIA INST OF TECH ATLANTA SCHOOL OF PSYCHOLOGY

Personal Author(s) : James,Lawrence R ; White,John F , III

PDF Url : ADA114907

Report Date : 20 May 1982

Pagination or Media Count : 67

Abstract : Manager's perceptions of subordinates' performance, causes (attributions) of subordinates' performance, and leader behaviors employed toward subordinates were examined from the standpoint of cross-situational consistency versus cross-situational specificity in leader-subordinate dyads. Cross-situational consistency would be indicated if managers' perceptions of performance, attributions, and leader behaviors were stable over different stress situations, whereas cross-situational specificity would be indicated if these same perceptions indicated reliable variation, as a function of stress situations. Empirical results for 377 Navy managers provided strong support for cross-situational specificity. Results are discussed in relation to prior research, generated by interactional theory on consistency versus specificity of responses across situations, and in relation to research and developmental needs in leadership, attribution theory, and performance evaluation. (Author)

Descriptors :   *Supervisors, *Leadership, *Perception(Psychology), *Performance(Human), Management, Supervision, Employee relations, Roles(Behavior), Attitudes(Psychology), Personality, Jobs, Skills, Stress(Psychology), Stress(Physiology), Operations research

Subject Categories : Psychology
      Personnel Management and Labor Relations

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE