Accession Number : ADA115086
Title : Removal of Explosives from Load-Assemble-Pack Wastewater (Pink Water) Using Surfactant Technology.
Descriptive Note : Final rept. Jul 79-Nov 80,
Corporate Author : ARMY ARMAMENT RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT COMMAND DOVER NJ LARGE CALIBER WEAPON SYSTEMS LAB
Personal Author(s) : Freeman,Donald J ; Colitti,Olin A
PDF Url : ADA115086
Report Date : May 1982
Pagination or Media Count : 34
Abstract : A study of surfactant treatment for ammunition plant wastewaters containing TNT and RDX (pink water) has shown that both of these toxic explosives can be removed from solution within 1 hour. The optimum conditions appear to be a combination of pH 11 and 0.4 mole of the quaternary surfactant (N, N, N', N', N' - pentamethyl N-tallow 1, 3 propane diammonium dichloride) for each mole of TNT in solution. The process has been determined to be technically feasible and economically attractive, although analytical techniques for determination of the degree of reaction must be improved. The cost of chemicals required for treatment (surfactant and sodium hydroxide) is about $1.60 per 3,875 liters (1,000 gallons) of wastewater. The products of the treatment are a precipitated TNT-surfactant complex and a filtrate which contains RDX hydrolysis products, alkali, and possibly some yet-to-be-identified substances. It may be necessary to neutralize the filtrate before discharge since the final pH is about 10.5.
Descriptors : *TNT, *RDX, *Surface active substances, *Water treatment, *Waste water, Water pollution, Costs, Sodium hydroxide, Hydrolysis, Feasibility studies, Filtration, Water pollution abatement, Removal, Industrial plants, Munitions industry, Adsorption, Carbon
Subject Categories : Ammunition and Explosives
Water Pollution and Control
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE