Accession Number : ADA115205

Title :   Crustal Structure Near the Iceland Research Drilling Project Borehole from a Seismic Refraction Survey,


Personal Author(s) : Thomson,William H ; Garmany,Jan D ; Lewis,Brian T R

PDF Url : ADA115205

Report Date : Jan 1980

Pagination or Media Count : 26

Abstract : A seismic refraction survey was conducted at Reydarfjordur, Iceland as part of the Iceland Research Drilling Project in July, 1978. An array of 15 seismometers was used to measure apparent velocities from 25 explosions along a 23 km refraction line. The experiment yielded data used to determine the P and S-wave vellocity structures beneath the drill site and to obtain bounds on the depth to seismic 'layer 3'. The observed apparent velocities vary continuously as a function of range with a marked increased in velocity at a range of 16 km. This corresponds to an observed cross-over in the travel time data. The measurement of apparent velocities has yielded data of the form X(p), the distance to a measured ray parameter, and alpha(p), the delay time. Joint inversion of the X(p) and alpha)p) data has been performed by linear programming. Layers of constant slowness gradient are used as the basis for the inversion process. Estimates of error in the data are used to produce extremal bounds on the family of earth models that satisfy the data. The resulting envelope of P-wave velocity models indicates a continuous variation of velocity with depth. Two regions of high velocity gradient are observed, one near the surface and the other at depths between 2.6 and 3.9 km associated with 'layer 3' in Iceland. These results suggest that modeling of Iceland's upper crust with a few thick homogeneous constant velocity layers is an inadequate representation of the velocity structure.

Descriptors :   *Seismic waves, Iceland, Explosions, Primary waves(Seismic waves), Secondary waves, Refraction, Earth crust, Velocity, Profiles

Subject Categories : Geology, Geochemistry and Mineralogy

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE