Accession Number : ADA115212

Title :   Long-Term Effects of Beach Nourishment on the Benthic Fauna of Panama City Beach, Florida.

Descriptive Note : Miscellaneous rept.,


Personal Author(s) : Culter,J K ; Mahadevan,S

PDF Url : ADA115212

Report Date : Jan 1982

Pagination or Media Count : 97

Abstract : The long-term effects of beach nourishment on the benthic infauna and surface sediments of Panama City beaches were investigated. Forty-seven stations located on nine transects between West Pass and Philips Inlet, and two nourishment borrow sites were sampled in November-December 1979 and May 1980. The data collected were compared to prenourishment base-line information collected by Saloman (1976). Abiotic parameters, water temperature, dissolved oxygen and salinity were measured. Sediments were analyzed for particle-size distribution, percent organic carbon and percent carbonate. Benthic macroinvertebrates were represented by 162 taxa of 14 major animal phyla. Species composition and faunal densities varied seasonally. Polychaetes and amphipods were the most abundant animal groups; a small number of species were dominant at nearly all stations. Species diversity was lowest in the swash zone and sandbar stations and highest offshore. Sediment composition was similar to that of Saloman's (1976) study within limits of sampling and processing errors. Faunal composition was found to be different from 1976 but was attributed to normal seasonal and spatial variations. Based on benthic community analyses and sediment parameters, no significant differences were found between nourishment borrow sites and surrounding areas and in the nearshore areas where beach nourishment was conducted. No long-term adverse effects of beach nourishment were detected. (Author)

Descriptors :   *Beaches, *Florida, Classification, Sediments, Sampling, Data acquisition, Particle size, Salinity, Oxygen, Abiotic processes, Surfaces, Tables(Data)

Subject Categories : Civil Engineering

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE