Accession Number : ADA115404

Title :   Study of the Effect of Free-Stream Turbulence upon Disturbances in the Pre-Transitional Laminar Boundary Layer. Part I. Laminar Boundary Layer Distortion by Surface Roughness; Effect upon Stability. Part II.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. Dec 78-Sep 81,


Personal Author(s) : Kendall,James M

PDF Url : ADA115404

Report Date : Apr 1982

Pagination or Media Count : 81

Abstract : Part I: Hot wire anemometry has been employed to determine certain characteristics of the turbulence in the free-stream of a low-speed, low-turbulence wind tunnel and to study the influence on such turbulence upon the fluctuations within a flat-plate boundary layer. A technique was employed which provided information concerning the propagation speed of the disturbances and this was used as a means of classification as to type or cause. It was found that Tollmien-Schlichting waves did not possess significant energy until a Reynolds number considerably higher than that of the theoretical neutral point was attained and that the subsequent growth exceeded the prediction of linear analysis. Part II: Distributed roughness present upon an aerodynamic surface alters the laminar boundary layer mean velocity profile such as to increase the instability presented here of the profile distortion for the case of small roughness in a Blasius boundary layer. The roughnesses tested include a single protuberance at Reynolds numbers below 50, the interaction between two such elements, the interaction between one element and a multitude of others, and the distortion due to distributed roughness. (Author)

Descriptors :   *Laminar boundary layer, *Boundary layer transition, *Turbulent boundary layer, Free stream, Distortion, Velocity, Surface roughness, Aerodynamic control surfaces, Aerodynamic stability, Mathematical analysis, Predictions, Wind tunnel tests

Subject Categories : Test Facilities, Equipment and Methods
      Fluid Mechanics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE