Accession Number : ADA115597

Title :   Numerical Solutions for a Rigid-Ice Model of Secondary Frost Heave,

Corporate Author : COLD REGIONS RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING LAB HANOVER NH

Personal Author(s) : O'Neill,Kevin ; Miller,Robert D

PDF Url : ADA115597

Report Date : Apr 1982

Pagination or Media Count : 17

Abstract : Frost heave is analyzed for the common case in which some ice penetrates the soil. In this situation, heave is due to the accumulation of soil-free ice just within the frozen zone, behind a frozen fringe of finite thickness. Heat and mass transport within and across that fringe are crucial processes in the dynamics of heave. This analysis concentrates on activity within the fringe, also connecting that activity to heat and mass flows in the more frozen and unfrozen zones. Each component in a set of governing differential equations is developed from rational physics and thermodynamics, using previous experimental work. It is assumed that the soil ice grows through interconnected interstices; hence it constitutes and can move as a rigid body. When the assumption is translated into mathematical terms, it completes the governing equations. The model resulting from these considerations is a one-dimensional finite element computer program that solves the equations for arbitrary initial and boundary conditions. The model is used to simulate the heave history of a hypothetical soil column frozen unidirectionally and subjected to a surcharge. The results are gratifying in that they predict qualitatively the characteristics of numerous laboratory observations. Some questions about the completeness of the theory remain, and strict verification of the model awaits further experimentation and better parameter identification.

Descriptors :   *Frost heave, Soils, Freezing, Ice, Penetration, Growth(General), Mathematical models, Finite element analysis, Computerized simulation

Subject Categories : Soil Mechanics
      Snow, Ice and Permafrost

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE