Accession Number : ADA115861

Title :   Climatic Laboratory Evaluation YCH-47D Helicopter.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. 9 Sep-22 Oct 80,

Corporate Author : ARMY AVIATION ENGINEERING FLIGHT ACTIVITY EDWARDS AFB CA

Personal Author(s) : Niemann,John R ; Adam,Charles F ; Brown,Jerry A

PDF Url : ADA115861

Report Date : Aug 1981

Pagination or Media Count : 222

Abstract : The United States Army Aviation Engineering Flight Activity conducted a climatic laboratory evaluation of the Boeing Vertol YCH-47D helicopter. Approximately 17-1/2 hours of aircraft operating time and 22 test runs were required to complete the test. The YCH-47D systems, subsystems and components were evaluated at stabilized temperatures ranging from -65 F to +125 F. In some cases, inconclusive results were obtained at the colder temperatures because the test was conducted without rotor blades. The foremost of which are the apparent inability of the flight control hydraulic fluid to warm sufficiently for flight and the pilot's inability to neutralize the flight controls prior to engine start. The YCH-47D performed acceptably from -25 F to 125 F and exhibited potential for operation at a temperature of -50 F. Two deficiencies were identified: (1) failure of the engine control lever to control the engine during start because of excess moisture in the cockpit; and (2) the erratic operation of the hydraulic power transfer units at -50 F. A total of 14 shortcomings were also identified. Further engineering testing below -25 F with rotor blades installed is recommended to determine if the hydraulic fluid temperature can be increased and maintained in flight at a level that would provide satisfactory flight control response and to evaluate the use of MIL-H-5606 hydraulic fluid at the lower temperatures. The operator's manual should specify a minimum temperature for aircraft operation. (Author)

Descriptors :   *HELICOPTERS, *ENVIRONMENTAL TESTS, *COLD WEATHER TESTS, *HOT WEATHER, AUXILIARY POWER PLANTS, HELICOPTER ENGINES, FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEMS, AVIONICS, HYDRAULIC EQUIPMENT, FUEL SYSTEMS, HUMAN FACTORS ENGINEERING, RELIABILITY, MAINTAINABILITY, TEST METHODS, DEFICIENCIES, CLIMATE, SIMULATION, LOW TEMPERATURE, HIGH TEMPERATURE

Subject Categories : Helicopters
      Test Facilities, Equipment and Methods

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE