Accession Number : ADA116739

Title :   The Melting of Natural Snowflakes Suspended in a Vertical Wind Tunnel.

Descriptive Note : Master's thesis,

Corporate Author : AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH

Personal Author(s) : Donovan,Gregory James

PDF Url : ADA116739

Report Date : Jun 1982

Pagination or Media Count : 149

Abstract : In order to study the atmospheric snowflake melting process, it is desirable to suspend a natural snowflake freely in an airstream. Previously, researchers have suspended the snowflake either by using nets, wires, etc. or by catching and then inserting it into a suspension chamber. Applying a number of new concepts, an apparatus capable of suspending the natural snowflake in an upward stream of air has been developed. Using the apparatus, the snowflake melting process has been studied under natural conditions. The new apparatus employs a diverging design with a concave upward velocity profile. This velocity profile cradles the snowflake in the bottom, thus centering it in the observation section. An insertion tube with a spring-loaded opening allows the snowflake to fall into the apparatus and be caught by the upward airflow. While being suspended freely in this column of air, it melts under conditions of controlled relative humidity and temperature. This permits measurements of its velocity, size and shape changes. The behavior of the snowflake during the melting process is also recorded by cameras.

Descriptors :   *Snow, *Melting, Crystals, Suspending(Hanging), Free dropping, Air flow, Subsonic wind tunnels, Vertical orientation, Photographic analysis, Theses

Subject Categories : Snow, Ice and Permafrost

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE