Accession Number : ADA117353

Title :   Archaeological Investigations at the San Gabriel Reservoir Districts, Central Texas. Volume 3.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : NORTH TEXAS STATE UNIV DENTON INST OF APPLIED SCIENCES

Personal Author(s) : Hays,T R

PDF Url : ADA117353

Report Date : Jun 1982

Pagination or Media Count : 266

Abstract : This report presents the results of archaeological investigations conducted by North Texas State University at two Corps of Engineers reservoirs on the San Gabriel River in Central Texas. The archaeology project consisted of site survey, evaluation, and data recovery of endangered cultural resources at North Fork and Granger Reservoirs. Eighty new prehistoric and one hundred historic sites were recorded, of which nine prehistoric and thirteen historic sites had further study. Additional research involved the Hoxie Ranch, and evaluations of a Paleo-Indian site (41WM419), and the Cervenka Site (41WM267). The two reservoirs, located in different environmental zones, offered an opportunity to examine varying human adaptations. First, the cultural patterns of the two reservoirs were delineated. Next, the adaptive patterns and artifact assemblages were compared to determine if the two reservoirs were part of the same cultural area. Contributions to Central Texas archaeology include: 1) the chronology of human occupation has been augmented by thirty-seven radiocarbon dates; 2) an alternative to current models of prehistoric adaptation for the area is proposed; 3) an interpretation of the occurrence of burned rock middens has been presented; 34) an evaluation of the 'phase' concept in Central Texas indicated the geographical boundaries of the phases varied through time.

Descriptors :   *ARCHEOLOGY, TEXAS, RIVERS, VALLEYS, AMERICAN INDIANS, HISTORY, CULTURE, SITES, EXCAVATION, ARTIFACTS, PLANTS(BOTANY), BONES, MOLLUSCA, ROCK, FRAGMENTS, TOOLS, BIOGRAPHIES, INTERVIEWING

Subject Categories : Humanities and History

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE