Accession Number : ADA117526

Title :   An Exploratory Research and Development Program Leading to Specifications for Aviation Turbine Fuel from Whole Crude Shale Oil. Part IV. Production of Samples of Military Fuels from Raw Shale Oils.

Descriptive Note : Interim rept. 1 Apr 80-30 Nov 81 on Phase 3,


Personal Author(s) : Reif,H E ; Schwedock,J P ; Schneider,A

PDF Url : ADA117526

Report Date : Feb 1982

Pagination or Media Count : 73

Abstract : A total of 475 gallons of specification aviation turbine fuels (JP-4, JP-5 and JP-8) were prepared from Occidental Shale Oil based on Sun Tech's upgrading concept. Processing consists of six steps: (1) hydrotreating the whole shale oil to partially reduce total nitrogen content to minimize hydrogen consumption; (2) distilling the hydrotreated product into appropriate fractions for additional processing; (3) rehydrotreating the light distillate fraction to meet product specifications; (4) treating the wide boiling gas oil fraction with anhydrous hydrogen chloride (HCI) which yields a low nitrogen content raffinate and a high nitrogen content extract phase; (5) thermally decomposing the extract to recover anhydrous HCI and a nitrogen-rich extract, which is used for generating hydrogen by partial oxidation; and (6) hydrocracking the raffinate phase to maximize aviation turbine fuel yield. Five 5-gallon samples of specification military fuels were produced from Paraho shale oil (JP-4, JP-5, JP-8, DF-2 and DF Marine) using a modified process. Processing consists of severely hydrotreating raw shale oil followed by fractionation and finally hydrocracking the wide boiling gas oil fraction to produce the desired product slate.

Descriptors :   *Synthetic fuels, *Jet engine fuels, *Oil shales, Petroleum products, Processing, Refining, Catalytic cracking

Subject Categories : Jet and Gas Turbine Engines

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE