Accession Number : ADA118830

Title :   The Effect of Ultra on the World War II North African Campaign.

Descriptive Note : Study project,

Corporate Author : ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA

Personal Author(s) : Carey,Arthur T

PDF Url : ADA118830

Report Date : May 1982

Pagination or Media Count : 62

Abstract : The North African campaign was the US Army's entry into the European ground war. One of the assets the senior Allied leaders had was a British secret known as Ultra - the ability to read Germany's highest level radio transmissions. It is one thing to steal enemy information; it is another matter to make use of the information. A study of how the Allies made use of Ultra information at seven key points during the Campaign showed that, on the whole, very good use was made of the information. There were also errors. Between the good use and the poor use of Ultra, excellent lessons for future commanders in similar situations were displayed. The first lesson is that decrypts of this nature provide accurate RAW information that must be properly analyzed and compared with other sources. Second: Ultra information can give capabilities and probabilities but not intentions. Again analysis is the key. The last major lesson is that the best of intelligence is no substitute for good command strategy and tactics. (Author)

Descriptors :   *Land warfare, *Military intelligence, *Cryptography, *Decoding, Radio transmission, Utilization, Military strategy, Military tactics, Covert operations, Battles, Interdiction, Decision making, Military commanders, Military planning, Combat effectiveness, Military forces(United States), Military forces(Foreign), North Africa

Subject Categories : Military Intelligence
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
      Non-radio Communications

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE