Accession Number : ADA119176

Title :   Lubricant Effects on Efficiency of a Helicopter Transmission.

Descriptive Note : Technical memo.,


Personal Author(s) : Mitchell,Andrew M ; Coy,John J

PDF Url : ADA119176

Report Date : Jan 1982

Pagination or Media Count : 17

Abstract : Efficiency tests were conducted using eleven different lubricants in the NASA Lewis Research Center's 500 hp torque regenerative helicopter transmission test stand. The test transmission was the OH58A helicopter main transmission. The mechanical power input to the test transmission was 224kW (300 hp) at 6060 rpm. Tests were run at oil-in temperatures of 355 K (180 F) and 372 K (210 F). The efficiency was calculated from a heat balance on the water running through an oil-to-water heat exchanger while the transmission was heavily insulated. Among the eleven different lubricants, the efficiency ranged from 98.3 to 98.8 percent, which is a 50 percent variation relative to the losses associated with the maximum efficiency measured. For a given lubricant, the efficiency increased as temperature increased and thus as viscosity decreased. There were two exceptions which could not be explained on the basis of available data. Between lubricants, efficiency was not correlated with viscosity. There were relatively large variations in efficiency with the different lubricants whose viscosity generally fell in the 5 to 7 centistoke range. The lubricants had no significant effect on the vibration signature of the transmission.

Descriptors :   *Lubricants, *Oils, *Transmissions(Mechanical), *Helicopters, Efficiency, Viscosity, Friction, Gears, Bearings, Heat exchangers, Thermal properties, Test methods, Experimental data, Performance(Engineering)

Subject Categories : Helicopters
      Lubricants and Hydraulic Fluids
      Machinery and Tools

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE