Accession Number : ADA119699

Title :   Attention Theory and Mechanisms for Skilled Performances.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,


Personal Author(s) : Schneider,Walter ; Fisk,Arthur D

PDF Url : ADA119699

Report Date : Jul 1982

Pagination or Media Count : 21

Abstract : Current attentional research and theory are related to the development of skilled performance. Emphasis is given to how performance changes with practice. Dual process attention theory is reviewed examining the distinction between automatic and controlled processing. The changing interactions between automatic and controlled processing in the development of skill are discussed. It is proposed that consistent practice produces automatic productions which perform consistent transformations in a heterarchial system. Automatic productions are proposed to: be modular; show high transfer; become resource free; not be under direct control; and be fast, accurate, and coordinated. Controlled processing is assumed to develop automatic processing, maintain strategy and time varying information, and perform problem solving activities. Perceptual data, some motor data, and several motor performance examples are presented to illustrate automatic/controlled processing effects. The relationship to current theories of motor skill are discussed. New research paradigms suggested by the current approach are discussed. (Author)

Descriptors :   *Attention, Theory, Skills, Performance(Human), Psychomotor function, Motor reactions, Perception(Psychology), Information processing, Control, Automatic

Subject Categories : Psychology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE