Accession Number : ADA119749

Title :   Pyrolysis of Organic Compounds Containing Long Unbranched Alkyl Groups.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC

Personal Author(s) : Mushrush,George W ; Hazlett,Robert N

PDF Url : ADA119749

Report Date : 21 Sep 1982

Pagination or Media Count : 30

Abstract : The presence of n-alkanes in jet fuel in the right distillation range can be explained if large n-alkanes are present in the crude-oil source. Quantities of large n-alkanes present in crudes made from shale are insufficient, however, to explain the amounts found (up to 37%) in the jet fuel made from these crudes. Although possible precursors to small straight chain molecules are branch alicyclic compounds or substituted cyclic compounds, this report shows that attack in the side chain of model aromatic compounds typically found in shale crudes affords a path to significant yields of n-alkanes. Primary attack at the alpha and gamma positions is favored for substituted benzenes and pyridines. The major initial product distribution can be explained on the basis of Fabuss-Smith-Satterfield theory. (Author)

Descriptors :   *Pyrolysis, *Organic compounds, *Alkyl radicals, Thermal degradation, Crude oil, Jet engine fuels, Pyridines, Distillation, Oil shales, Molecular structure, Aromatic compounds

Subject Categories : Organic Chemistry
      Atomic and Molecular Physics and Spectroscopy

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE