Accession Number : ADA130374

Title :   USAF Shale Oil to Fuels. Volume 2. Phases 3 and 4.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. 1 Oct 80-31 Dec 81,


Personal Author(s) : Sikonia,J G ; Hilfman,L ; Wilcox,J R ; Board,T G ; Gembicki,V A

PDF Url : ADA130374

Report Date : Jul 1982

Pagination or Media Count : 328

Abstract : The overall objective of this project was to demonstrate innovative technology to reduce the cost of converting shale oil to high yields of aviation turbine fuels. To carry out this program, UOP selected a processing scheme involving two stages of hydrotreating followed by hydrocracking. The Phase III and IV programs included first-stage hydrotreating catalyst stability testing; the production of jet and diesel fuel samples using the hydrocracking process; naphtha hydrotreating and catalytic reforming; arsenic management studies; an investigation of shale oil fouling; a shale oil/petroleum stability/compatibility study; and an economic analysis of the proposed upgrading scheme. The novel hydrocracking scheme was successful in producing high quality jet fuel samples. Tables are provided comparing the following key product properties with the specifications: Sp. Gr. 60/60 F; Smoke point; Aromatics, vol-%; and Combustion, Btu/lb. Based on yields and operating conditions demonstrated in pilot plant operations, process designs were prepared for the first- and second-stage hydrotreaters and the hydrocracker. These designs along with the information for the other process units were incorporated into a linear program model for a shale oil refinery.

Descriptors :   *Oil shales, *Catalytic cracking, *Jet engine fuels, Diesel fuels, Refineries, Pilot plants, Processing, Conversion, Economic analysis, Refining, Petroleum products, Specific gravity, Smoke, Aromatic hydrocarbons, Combustion, Arsenic, Fouling, Stability, Compatibility

Subject Categories : Economics and Cost Analysis
      Mfg & Industrial Eng & Control of Product Sys

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE