Accession Number : ADA130572

Title :   In Vitro Selection of an Attenuated Variant of Sindbis Virus: Investigation of the Molecular Basis for Attenuation.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. Jul 80-30 Jun 81,

Corporate Author : NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIV RALEIGH

Personal Author(s) : Johnston,Robert E

PDF Url : ADA130572

Report Date : May 1982

Pagination or Media Count : 23

Abstract : Adaptation of virulent viruses to an alternate host, either animal or tissue culture, has long been recognized as a means of attenuating virulence for the natural host. The molecular mechanism(s) involved in attenuation by blind passage in tissue culture is not understood. One explanation for this phenomenon is that virus replication involves many specific interactions between virus-derived and host-derived products. Selection in a particular host cell for virus mutants which have an increased efficiency in one or more of these virus-host interactions is though to reduce the efficiency of the analogous interaction in another host cell type. We reasoned that if adaptation to specific host factors were involved in attenuation, then one could apply a selective pressure to enrich the population for virus mutants which exhibited the most efficient interaction with those factors. Efficient virus-cell interaction should lead to more rapid virus growth. Accordingly, we selected for those individuals in the SB population capable of the most rapid growth in BHK cells. We found that a stringent selection pressure for rapid growth led to early and significant attenuation of the virus.

Descriptors :   *Sindbis virus, *Molecular biology, *Virulence, Pathogenesis, Hosts(Biology), Adaptation, Attenuation, Tissue culture cells, Strains(Biology), Interactions, Growth(General), Immunology, Mice, In vivo analysis, In vitro analysis, Experimental data

Subject Categories : Biochemistry
      Medicine and Medical Research
      Microbiology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE