Accession Number : ADA131081

Title :   Cervical Spline Analysis for Ejection Injury Prediction.

Descriptive Note : Final research rept. Oct 80-Sep 82,


Personal Author(s) : Gracovetsky,S ; Farfan,H F ; Helleur,Christopher D

PDF Url : ADA131081

Report Date : 30 Nov 1982

Pagination or Media Count : 99

Abstract : We have developed a sagittal plane mathematical model for the cervical spine (including T6-T1, C7-C1 and skull). In our model the moments due to the weight of the head and neck and the effect of external forces are balanced by forces generated internally by muscle, ligament, and intervertebral joint. With this formulation, the problem is to find a method for distributing the moment between muscle and ligament. Our calculations show that the mathematical representation of physiological behavior demands that stress be minimized at the intervertebral joint. It is interesting to note that Wolff has observed that bone architecture at the microscopic level responds to stress. Our findings suggest the system as a whole is controlled by stress. This model was then subjected to simulation in order to determine the maximum acceleration that the cervical spine would take for different postures. We found that the maximum supportable acceleration (i.e. acceleration that would result in any cervical component reaching 2/3 of its limit) depends upon the neck posture and orientation vis-a-vis the acceleration vector.

Descriptors :   *Spinal column, *Head(Anatomy), *Neck(Anatomy), *Ejection, *Wounds and injuries, *Mathematical models, Central nervous system, Muscles, Ligaments, Stress(Physiology), Acceleration tolerance, Electromyography, Anatomical models, Optimization, Joints(Anatomy), Simulation, Predictions, Biodynamics

Subject Categories : Stress Physiology
      Numerical Mathematics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE