Accession Number : ADA131203

Title :   Smoking Behavior Among U.S. Navy Enlisted Men: Some Contributing Factors.

Descriptive Note : Interim rept.,


Personal Author(s) : Burr,Ralph G

PDF Url : ADA131203

Report Date : Mar 1983

Pagination or Media Count : 12

Abstract : Factors contributing to the high incidence of smoking in a sample of 505 U.S. Navy enlisted men were examined. Levenson's (1973) multidimensional locus of control scale was used to assess personality differences between smokers and nonsmokers. Also measured were perceptions of stress and peer relationships. It was hypothesized that nonsmokers would be more internal, less chance oriented, report less stress, and perceive less positive peer relationships than smokers. The results generally supported the first three hypotheses, but did not support the fourth. It was suggested that programs to promote internal expectations, such as the Navy's Health Readiness Program, may be a method of lowering the high incidence of smoking. Because of the low proportion of variance accounted for, more immediate and perhaps more salient solutions mentioned were: encourage those in the chain of command to set a non-smoking example, stop the practice of giving work breaks for smoking, and discontinue military price discounts on cigarettes. (Author)

Descriptors :   *Naval personnel, *Behavior, *Tobacco smoking, Hazards, Performance(Human), Job analysis, Stress(Psychology), Group dynamics, Attitudes(Psychology), Factor analysis, Correlation techniques, Analysis of variance, Perception(Psychology), Personality, Social Psychology, Health, Education, Operational readiness

Subject Categories : Sociology and Law
      Humanities and History

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE