Accession Number : ADA131223
Title : The Mechanism of Anaerobic (Microbial) Corrosion.
Descriptive Note : Technical summary rept. no. 1, 1 Jun-31 Dec 82,
Corporate Author : NATIONAL BUREAU OF STANDARDS WASHINGTON DC NATIONAL MEASUREMENT LAB
Personal Author(s) : Iverson,Warren P ; Olson,Gregory J
PDF Url : ADA131223
Report Date : Dec 1982
Pagination or Media Count : 40
Abstract : This report in the form of three papers describes research into the role of bacteria in anaerobic corrosion processes. During the year we have given more evidence for a novel mechanism of anaerobic corrosion in which a volatile, highly reactive phosporous compound is produced as a result of the activities of sulfate-reducing bacteria (Desulfovibio desuluricans). The corrosion product is an amorphous type of iron phosphide which can be detected by the formation of phosphine upon its acidification. Phosphine (in addition to H2S) has been detected from all the cases of suspected anaerobic corrosion (including tubercles from the inside of water pipes) examined so far. In examining the headspace over growing cultures of Desulfovibio to detect this volatile phosphorus containing compound, using a gas chromatograph (GC) with a flame photometric detector (FPD) specific for phosphorus and sulfur, two sulfur compounds, in addition to H2S, were detected and identified. These compounds, methylmercaptan, and dimethyldisulfide, were found to be relatively non-corrosive to iron under anaerobic conditions. No volatile phosphorus compounds were detected.
Descriptors : *Corrosion, *Anaerobic bacteria, *Anaerobic processes, Iron compounds, Reduction(Chemistry), Hydrogen sulfide, Phosphine, Phosphorus, Metabolites, Microbiology
Subject Categories : Microbiology
Properties of Metals and Alloys
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE