Accession Number : ADA131226

Title :   Comparison of the Predictive Validity of Three Questionnaires Measuring Psychological Defenses.

Descriptive Note : Interim rept.,


Personal Author(s) : Vickers,Ross R , Jr ; Ward,Harold W ; Ryman,David H ; Rahe,Richard H

PDF Url : ADA131226

Report Date : May 1980

Pagination or Media Count : 25

Abstract : Clinical descriptions and prior research indicate that Type A individuals show stronger affective responses to stress than Type B's. These affective responses may be an important link between Type A behavior pattern (TABP) and coronary heart disease, so the association of mood and TABP was investigated in a sample of men in a job with clear variations in work demands. Perceptions of work load and six moods (anger, happiness, fear, depression, activity, and fatigue) were measured repeatedly. Mood responses were represented by the mean level of each mood, the variability of each mood, and the within person correlation between mood and work load. TABP was measured by the Jenkins Activity Survey and several recently developed paper-and-pencil measures. TABP was related to negative affect for all three types of mood measure, but primarily to the mean level of moods. Much of the association was to anger, a finding consistent with prior descriptions of TABP. This pattern of findings suggests that TABP is specifically linked to anger, but the findings must be cautiously generalized because they may depend on characteristics of this particular stress setting (e.g., the type of stress faced). (Author)

Descriptors :   *Defense mechanisms(Psychology), *Behavior, *Performance(Human), Measurement, Attitudes(Psychology), Adjustment(Psychology), Response, Social psychology, Reaction(Psychology), Predictions, Variables, Displacement, Job analysis, Stress(Psychology)

Subject Categories : Psychology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE