Accession Number : ADA131298

Title :   Bloomington Spillway North Branch Potomac River Maryland and West Virginia. Hydraulic Model Investigation.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : ARMY ENGINEER WATERWAYS EXPERIMENT STATION VICKSBURG MS HYDRAULICS LAB

Personal Author(s) : Fletcher,Bobby P

PDF Url : ADA131298

Report Date : Jun 1983

Pagination or Media Count : 73

Abstract : Tests to investigate hydraulic performance of the gated spillway and the intensity of return flow on the downstream side of the saddle dike were conducted using a 1:60-scale model. Flow approaching the spillway was satisfactory for all anticipated flow conditions. Eddies generated immediately upstream from the spillway had no significant effect on hydraulic performance. During controlled releases, no surging flow at the abutments or tainter gates was observed. Model tests of the exit area were conducted with the overburden fixed and then movable. Tests conducted with the fixed overburden indicated that the maximum spillway flow of 178,000 cfs generated only an insignificant (4-ft depth at toe) amount of return flow toward the downstream toe of the saddle dike. Tests conducted with the movable overburden indicated significant displacement caused by a spillway flow of 10,000 cfs. Flows as great as 178,000 cfs caused additional displacement of overburden. The overburden did not scour upstream to the toe of the dike. Test results indicated that the safety of the saddle dike was not jeopardized by return flow with either the fixed or movable overburden simulated in the model. For any spillway flow condition, overburden material downstream from the spillway was transported through the swale and there was no tendency for a debris dam to form. (Author)

Descriptors :   *Spillways, Maryland, West Virginia, Earth dams, Channels(Waterways), Dikes, Water flow, Soil erosion, Model tests, Hydraulic models

Subject Categories : Civil Engineering

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE