Accession Number : ADA131735

Title :   Which is the Better Entropy Expression for Speech Processing: -S Log S or Log S?

Descriptive Note : Interim rept.,

Corporate Author : NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC

Personal Author(s) : Johnson,Rodney ; Shore,John E

PDF Url : ADA131735

Report Date : 20 Jul 1983

Pagination or Media Count : 22

Abstract : In maximum-entropy spectral analysis (MESA), one maximizes the integral of log S(f), where S(f) is a power spectrum. The resulting spectral estimate, which is equivalent to that obtained by linear prediction and other methods, is popular in speech-processing applications. An alternative expression, -S(f)log S(f), is used in optical processing and elsewhere. This report considers whether the alternative expression leads to spectral estimates useful in speech processing. The authors investigate the question both theoretically and empirically. The theoretical investigation is based on generalizations of the two estimates-the generalizations take into account prior estimates of the unknown power spectrum. It is shown that both estimates result from applying a generalized version of the principle of maximum entropy, but they differ concerning the quantities that are treated as random variables. The empirical investigation is based on speech synthesized using the different spectral estimates. Although both estimates lead to intelligible speech, speech based on the MESA estimate is qualitatively superior. (Author)

Descriptors :   *Information theory, *Speech, *Numerical methods and procedures, Entropy, Experimental data, Comparison, Autocorrelation, Extrapolation, Power spectra, Estimates, Synthesis, Random variables

Subject Categories : Statistics and Probability
      Cybernetics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE