Accession Number : ADA131982

Title :   The Marine Corps Basic Training Experience: Stresses, Leadership, and Group Cohesion as Predictors of Attitudes, Health, and Performance.

Descriptive Note : Interim rept.,


Personal Author(s) : Vickers,Ross R , Jr ; Wallick,Marie T ; Hervig,Linda K

PDF Url : ADA131982

Report Date : Nov 1982

Pagination or Media Count : 45

Abstract : Retrospective questionnaire assessments of Marine Corps Basic training (BT) stresses, leadership style, and group cohesion were related to BT outcomes in two samples of recruits. Stresses were classified as positive or negative based on recruit interviews carried out as part of an earlier study. Outcomes included attitudes toward the Marine Corps, feelings of personal development during BT, performance in BT, health during BT, and Fleet Marine Force (FMF) attrition. Major findings were: (a) Recruits endorsed statements describing Positive stresses (e.g., punishment, loss of freedom, unfair treatment). (b) Positive stresses were associated with better attitudes toward the Marine Corps and feelings of self-improvement. (c) Except for unfair treatment, negative stresses had little effect on attitudes. (d) Stresses did not affect performance, health, or FMF attrition. (e) Leadership style was an important predictor of attitudes toward the Marine Corps. (f) The typical BT graduate achieved performance and fitness levels well above minimum Marine Corps requirements. Overall, BT produces positive outcomes for graduates. Stress evaluations must be based on attitudinal outcomes because stress was not related to performance, health, or FMF attrition.

Descriptors :   *Military training, *Marine Corps personnel, *Performance(Human), Attitudes(Psychology), Stress(Physiology), Stress(Psychology), Health, Leadership, Recruits, Group dynamics, Data acquisition, Questionnaires

Subject Categories : Humanities and History

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE