Accession Number : ADA132199

Title :   The JILA (Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics) Portable Absolute Gravity Apparatus,


Personal Author(s) : Faller,J E ; Guo,Y G ; Gschwind,J ; Niebauer,T M ; Rinker,R L

PDF Url : ADA132199

Report Date : Aug 1983

Pagination or Media Count : 24

Abstract : We have developed a new and highly portable absolute gravity apparatus based on the principles of free-fall laser interferometry. A primary concern over the past several years has been the detection, understanding, and elimination of systematic errors. In the Spring of 1982, we used this instrument to carry out a survey at twelve sited in the United States. Over a period of eight weeks, the instrument was driven a distance of nearly 20,000 km to sites in California, New Mexico, Colorado, Wyoming, Maryland, and Massachusetts. The time required to carry out a measurement at each location was typically one day. Over the nest several years, our intention is to see absolute gravity measurements become both usuable and used in the field. To this end, and in the context of cooperative research programs with a number of scientific institutes throughout the world, we are building additional instruments (incorporating further refinements) which are to be used for geodetic, geophysical, geological, and tectonic studies. With these new instruments we expect to improve (perhaps by a factor of two) on the 6-10 microgal accuracy of our present instrument. Today, one can make absolutely gravity measurements as accurately as - possibly even more accurately than - one can make relative measurements. Given reasonable success with the new instruments in the field, the last years of this century should see absolute gravity measurement mature both as a new geodetic data type and as a useful geophysical tool.

Descriptors :   *Gravimetry, Measuring instruments, Falling bodies, Interferometry, Laser applications, Accuracy

Subject Categories : Geodesy

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE